Saturday, January 11, 2020

Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Noble Savage

Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Noble Savage While learning about the Enlightenment, the students in Mrs. ‘s world history class were obligated to do a research about one Enlightenment individual that changed the course of humanity. And the individual this student was researching about was named Jean-Jacques Rousseau. As she researched about him, she wanted to know how the new understanding of society was developed and changed by Rousseau. So she developed a thesis that Rousseau developed a new understanding of society because he brought up new ideas about the natural state of man, and first introduced transparency to society.From her long months of finding more about Rousseau, she realized that Rousseau's idea about the natural state of man was out of the norm and talked about self-imposing. The quote from â€Å"Jean Jacques Rousseau† written by Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia states that, â€Å"the general will is what rational people would choose for the common good. Freedom, then, is obedience to a self-imposed law of reason, self-imposed because imposed by the natural laws of humanity's being. â€Å"0ean Jacques Rousseau. , sec. 2, par. 3) shows that if humans obey self-imposed laws of reason and natural laws, it leads to freedom.Rousseau believed that deep inside, humans were not brutes like what Thomas Hobbes thought, but like the noble savages from the Americas, living a life of goodness, simplicity, and nobility. And unlike other Enlightenment thinkers, he viewed philosophy and philosophers negatively because he saw them as â€Å"the post-hoc rationalizers of self-interest, as apologists for various forms of tyranny, and as playing a role in the alienation of the modern individual from humanity's natural impulse to compassion† (Bertram, sec. 1, par. 1), courtesy of â€Å"Jean Jacques Rousseau† published by the Stanford Encyclopedia f Philosophy.Rousseau's version of the natural state of man and his thoughts on philosophy was very different and unique from others and through this society started to question the norm again. Rousseau brought up the fresh idea of being transparent. Living a transparent life was Rousseau's way of saying that humans shouldn't be extravagant in everything they do and have. He believed that instead of having too much and being extravagant, people should keep what was necessary and donate the extras so that the social gap wasn't too wide. In â€Å"Jean Jacques Rousseau. ublished by Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Rousseau's philosophy says that humans have a â€Å"common good† and that under the right conditions and circumstances, our general will can actually be a reality instead of Just an ideal dean Jacques Rousseau. , sec. 2, par. 4). Living the life of simplicity and nobility really struck Rousseau and he believed that self-imposed laws would really give men their freedom as â€Å"Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778)† by BBC stated, â€Å"It argued that a state based on a genuine social contract would give men real freedom in exchange for their obedience to a self-imposed law. ean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778), par. 3). Rousseau emphasized and concentrated on living transparently and the self- impose of our needs and natural state throughout his entire life. So, how is the new understanding of society developed by Jean-Jacques Rousseau? Rousseau developed a new understanding of society because he brought up new ideas about the natural think for themselves again by thinking outside the box such as developing the new thought of the natural state of man, the noble savage.He also believed that transparency could change society by giving up on extravagance and Just being their enuine selves instead of trying to fit into the high standards and expectations of society today. He believed that humans were good at heart and that their self- imposed laws give freedom. Jean-Jacques Rousseau made a great impact on society today and it is still seen today. Works Cited: Bertram, Christopher. â€Å"Jean Jacques Rousseau. † Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford university, 27 sept. 2010. web. 8 NOV. 2012.. Columbia University, Press. â€Å"Jean Jacques Rousseau. † Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. History Reference Center, Nov. 2011. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778). † BBC News. Ed. BBC. BSC, n. d. web. 28 NOV. 2012. . Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean Jacques Rousseau, a biography written by Christopher Bertram on September 27th 2010, introduces Rousseau and his ideas. Rousseau's views, influences, and arguments keep him remembered as a very important figure in the history of philosophy.This biography discourses on not only his life, but also the background of his ideas and his philosophy, his education, language, legacy, and his works. I think this biography is very good, uses high vocabulary words in almost every single entence, which can make it hard to unders tand but the points and explanations are presented very cleanly. I recommend this to high schoolers who want to learn about Rousseau while improving their vocabulary. Encyclopedia. History Reference Center, Nov. 2011. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. â€Å"Jean Jacques Rousseau. is a biography published by the Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia explains the life of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a famous philosopher, in meticulous details such as his personal life as well as his most famous accomplishments, and his influence throughout the world. Although this article is long, I think this is a great article because of the great details and the interesting language usage.

Friday, January 3, 2020

How Far the Weimar Constitution Can Be Described as...

How Far the Weimar Constitution Can Be Described as Creating an Effective Democracy For the first time in the history of Germany, the state was a democratic republic. The constitution was something of a fragile experiment, a guinea pig. Theoretically speaking, the Weimar Constitution could be described as the most democratic constitution the world has ever laid eyes upon, in practice, things were not as clear. Germany was to be a â€Å"Federal State,† with each â€Å"Lander,† (state) retaining limited control over local affairs. This recognised local differences within Germany, with each Lander being represented in the Reichstrat. Effectively small states had as much influence as bigger states. This†¦show more content†¦So even extremists could be represented, and thus extremists are given a say in the running of the country albeit limited to the size of the extremists. Democracy is rule by the people, which the Weimar Constitution included extremists within. Plebescites were relatively common, which are effective referenda, giving the German public direct choice on an issue, thus being ultra democratic, with the German people being allowed to make decisions by themselves as opposed to simply having elected representatives making decisions on their behalf. The Bill of Rights was effectively made for German workers. Trade unions were instituted to organise a minimum wage. The consideration of workers, in a previously elite class system, reflects new democratic intentions, giving everybody an equal footing. For the first time in German history everybody had freedom of religion and speech, regardless of beliefs. This is incredibly democratic as it means that all people were allowed to express themselves truthfully, no matter how extreme or unpopular their opinions were. Everyone was considered equal. The president was politically accountable, being voted by the people every 7 years. The idea was that the president was not in office long enough to establish a dictatorship; enforcing the foundations of democracy (i.e. that a democracy is not a dictatorship.) TheShow MoreRelatedOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 PagesOrganizational Theory takes you on a joyful ride through the developments of one of the great enigmas of our time – How should we understand the organization? Jan Ole Similà ¤, Assistant Professor, Nord-Trà ¸ndelag University College, Norway I really enjoyed this new text and I am sure my students will enjoy it, too. It combines rigorous theoretical argument with application and consideration of how managment practice is formed and shaped by ideas and concepts. The authors have brought their wealth of experienceRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Live s and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pages(the collapse of the Soviet Union, the reunification of Germany, the surge of globalization from the mid-1990s) and afterward (9/11, or the global recession of 2008) when one could quite plausibly argue that a new era had begun. A compelling case can be made for viewing the decades of the global scramble for colonies after 1870 as a predictable culmination of the long nineteenth century, which was ushered in by the industrial and political revolutions of the late 1700s. But at the same time,

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Interview Essay - John Tymkiw - 844 Words

Interview Essay - John Tymkiw John Tymkiw was born in the Ukraine on June 10, 1913. WWI broke out a year after he was born, and he lived through the Depression while Hitler and Stalin were fighting. When the Ukraine was signed over to Russian rule, many left, but John stayed and ran a cooperative association supply company. He came to America in 1951, through a sponsor in Chicago and then traveled to California in 1957. He was married in 1962, and had no children of his own, but had two-step children. He continued his life working in machinery and carpentry. He now lives alone in his condo in Laguna Woods, surrounded by his artwork and accomplishments. John defines happiness as a feeling that does not have anything to do with†¦show more content†¦As a child, John did not possess many material goods, which made him value them more properly. Also, when he was young, he was praised for his ability to fix things. He was very handy, and visitors would always praise him on all he could do. John finished 7th grade in Ukraine, then attended a University in Munich, Germany for two years, until the school closed due to a lack of funds. He continued school later and finished three semesters studying National Economics and Business Management. John had two brothers and two sisters. He said that his fondest memories are of sharing Christmas and Easter time with them. There are many things in his life that he is proud of, but most of all, he is proud of being able to manage a complex business under difficult circumstances without proper education. He is also proud of being able to learn how to create several different forms of art in such a short period of time. He mentions that he is proud of being a strong believer in Christianity. John believes that there is definitely a relationship between love and happiness. He left home at the age of seventeen, so his family did not contribute a lot to his happiness, but he says that his marriage definitely did. When asked, is it really better to have loved and lost than to have never loved at all, John replied that on one side, if you never loved, you never know if

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Feeling Death in The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien

War is often thought about as something that hardens a soldier. It makes a person stronger emotionally because they are taught not show it and deal with it internally. People say that death in war is easier to handle because it is for the right reasons and a person can distance themselves from the pain of losing someone. However, there is always a point when the pain becomes too real and it is hard to maintain that distance. In doing so, the story disputes the idea that witnessing a traumatic event causes a numbing or blockage of feelings. Rat Kiley’s progression of sentiment began with an initial concern for the buffalo, transforming into an irate killing of the animal, and then ending with an ultimate acceptance of death. These†¦show more content†¦Rat felt the sorrow of having recently lost a friend, which was indicated by him crying. Rat was so overcome by emotion that he was unable to speak to the others. He could not verbally express how he was feeling. When Rat went to leave, he did not just carry his gun. Instead, Rat â€Å"cradled his rifle† (76). The act of cradling the gun implied that Rat was seeking comfort from his actions. He was also seeking reassurance while he was grieving his loss. This is when Rat could no longer deny the reality of war and death. Most of the other feelings were defenses; they helped him maintain that distance for a little bit longer. When Rat was finally able to cry over the death, the distance was completely gone. Rat was able to enter the grieving process and cope with Curt dying. The crying was an apparent display of his acceptance of death. By facing the death head on, Rat became a stronger soldier because he was not suppressing emotions. The other soldiers in the platoon did not know how to react to the display. As the narrator stated, â€Å"We had witnessed something essential, something brand-new and profound, a piece of the world so startling there was not yet a name for it† (76). Since the other soldiers were not used to seeing outward presentations of grieving, the entire event was perplexing and foreign to them. They were unsure of how to react or even proceed. Therefore, in order to maintain the notionShow MoreRelatedThe Things They Carried by Tim Obrien1426 Words   |  6 PagesThe War at Home The Things They Carried, by Tim O’Brien, transports the reader into the minds of veterans of the Vietnam conflict. The Vietnam War dramatically changed Tim O’Brien and his comrades, making their return home a turbulent and difficult transition. The study, titled, The War at Home: Effects of Vietnam-Era Military Service on Post-War Household Stability, uses the draft lottery as a â€Å"natural experiment† on the general male population. The purpose of the NBER (National Bureau of EconomicRead MoreThe Things They Carried : A Story Based On The Soldiers Experiences During The War936 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Things They Carried† is a story based on the soldiers’ experiences in the Vietnam War and their experiences after the war. The story begins with a character named Jimmy Cross, who is the Lieutenant of the Alpha Company. Jimmy Cross carries letters from a girl named Martha, who he dated before he joined the army. He also carries her good luc k pebble in his mouth. The narrator later describes items the other soldiers in the Company are carrying. Some of the items were insect repellant, knivesRead MoreAn Analysis Of Tim O Brien s Things They Carried1183 Words   |  5 Pagespoetic qualities such as literary devices, imagery, and theme, and many more. Tim O’Brien’s Things They Carried depicts a fragmented stories about his and other soldiers’ experiences that occurred in the Vietnam War. Similarly, the poem, â€Å"Facing It† shows a soldier who returns to the Memorial of the Vietnam War where he recalls his own trauma in the war as he looks at the stones. Both the prose, Things They Carried and the poem, â€Å"Facing it† conveys the similar theme where they are struggling toRead MoreEssay On The Things They Carried1624 Words   |  7 PagesFor the seventeen Soldiers portrayed in â€Å"The Things We Carried† by Tim O’Brien, the physical pain was very minimal weight to carry compared to the emotional scars that they will carry throughout their entire life. This story does an amazing job portraying full human emotion that anyone put into a situation would feel, such as heavy guilt, sadness, anger, lack of motivation, perseverance, horror, and false security. All of these are notorious feelings that every soldier back in history, and now stillRead MoreThe Things They Carried by Tim OBrien Essay977 Words   |  4 PagesThe Things They Carried by Tim OBrien The Things They Carried list the variety of things his fellow soldiers in the Alpha Company brought on their missions. Several of these things cannot be seen, including guilt and fear, while others are specific physical objects, including matches, morphine, M-16 rifles, and MMs candy. Throughout the collection, the same characters reappear in various stories. The first member of the Alpha Company to die is Ted Lavender, a grunt, or low-rankingRead MoreThe Things They Carried By Tim O Brien1377 Words   |  6 PagesTyler Nooney Trafford P.6 The Things They Carried Essay The central theme and true meaning of courage is shown vividly in numerous instances throughout Tim O’Brien’s classic novel The Things They Carried. O’Brien’s novel begins with the courage of coming of age, along with the author’s loss of his innocence. Tim, the protagonist of this novel, goes through an incredible change in belief when he must choose to either run away from the Vietnam War or unwillingly join the bloody battle, of which heRead MoreThe Things They Carried By Tim O Brien1579 Words   |  7 Pageslasting of the numerous burdens placed upon them. When soldiers knowingly carry these burdens into a war zone, it is so a majority of people can live life free from violence and destruction. Strong underlying metaphor is prevalent in Tim O’Brien’s Novel The Things They Carried. Metaphor is used throughout the text of the book to create a sense of understanding or to convey a different meaning than the text originally suggests. This allows the reader to more fully relate to the soldier’s experiences onRead MoreThe Things They Carried in the Things They Carried1141 Words   |  5 PagesThe Things They Carried in â€Å"The Things They Carried,† by Tim O’Brien In â€Å"The Things They Carried,† by Tim O’Brien the theme of â€Å"carrying† both physical and emotional objects by the main characters can be found in the novel. While these men carry the same standard physical army gear, they differentiate with personal tangible and intangible items. From Lieutenant Cross’s responsibility of his men, to Henry Dobbin’s girlfriend’s pantyhose for its magic, each man faced the war with these things attachedRead MoreCritical Analysis - the Things They Carried Essay815 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Things They Carried† In the short story â€Å"The Things They Carried†, Tim O’Brien wrote about the experience of war and the feelings young soldiers felt during their long days of travel. During the story he keeps referring back to the things the soldiers chose to carry in their packs. Some of these items included necessity items like grenades and ammunition, but they also carry sentimental items like love letters and pictures. These items help the reader better understand each person forRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Things They Carried 1409 Words   |  6 PagesDenali Dickson Butler July 22, 2014 Long Form I. The Author and His Times: 1. Birth- October 1, 1946 to present 2. The Things They Carried was published January 1, 1990. This novel discusses stories from the Vietnam War, written many years afterwards. The book shares stories from several different people during the war and shares the truth as they remember it. 3. The factor that influenced the author in his decision to publish this novel was his desire to share his stories with the world. Stories

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Analysis and Modelling Techniques

Question: Discuss about theAnalysis and Modelling Techniques. Answer: Most Effective Analysis and Modelling Techniques Organizations rely on the analysis and modeling techniques in the translation of business objectives into the system's operational requirements (Siau and Rossi, 2011). From experience, the most efficient analysis and modeling tools include: The use of well-documented questionnaire: surveys play an important role in allowing an organization to collect data from the targetted audience which assists the management to improve their operations towards winning a wider customer base. The use of forecasting tools such as regression analysis, simulations, and dummy variables: these techniques assist the management in the prediction of future results as expected by the company and helps in gaining competitive advantage. Creation of a control action response document that gets regularly reviewed by the technical team users. In correlation with the organizational procedures, this helps in developing an environment for creativity and hence competitive advantage. Example of How to Apply Different Modelling Techniques in Varying Situations Different modeling techniques as prior discussed can be used in various conditions by an organization. The most relevant example is making business decisions under conditions of uncertainty and risk situations. The management may apply the business time series analysis, overview forecasting, sensitivity analysis, and control charts to study the current market trends on the demand for a particular product (Siau and Rossi, 2011). In the situation whereby the need for the product in the market is irregular and not consistent, these modeling tools may be applied by the marketing team in predicting the market demand with accuracy. Experience with Use Cases Just like any other employee, one must come across various circumstances which require the use of market analysis and modeling tools and so I am. With my course of experience in the working environment, different conditions deemed uncertain, and risky have had faced my employer company (MacKenzie, Padsakoff, and Padsakoff, 2011). Being a financial analyst in the company, in many different situations the company has had some cash unaccounted for of which the management was responsible for the mess unknowingly. To find out the source of the error, the company had to employ the use of balanced scorecards concerning other forecasting and analysis tools to rectify the effect. Example of Completing a Gap Analysis There is no accurate model for conducting a gap analysis. Within the organization that I work for, we have severally completed a gap analysis in an attempt to find the right solutions to the companys challenges. For example, the company sought to invest in the foreign market. As employees, we had to complete the gap analysis to find out the existing gap between the current situation of the company domestically as well as its future expectations (MacKenzie, Padsakoff, and Padsakoff, 2011). The gap analysis revealed that, locally the company had not adequately met all customers needs and that there were still some complaints about its products and services to the consumers which needed to be addressed first before expanding the operations to the global markets. References MacKenzie, S. B., Podsakoff, P. M., Podsakoff, N. P. (2011). Construct measurement and validation procedures in MIS and behavioral research: Integrating new and existing techniques.MIS Quarterly,35(2), 293-334. Siau, K., Rossi, M. (2011). Evaluation techniques for systems analysis and design modeling methodsa review and comparative analysis.Information Systems Journal,21(3), 249-268.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Kale in Kenya- Ag Issue 2012 free essay sample

Jonathan King Ag 101 September 16, 2012 Current Issues in Horticulture- Kale in Kenya I am going to go into the Horticultural field and one of the issues facing horticulture today is solving world hunger. Kenya is a nation that mostly lives in poverty, The United States and other countries are trying to help the Kenyan poverty problem by researching different food that can grow there along with trying to improve the food that they already have.A big crop in Kenya is kale because it costs so little to produce and the name sakuma wiki the Kenyan name for kale loosely translated means that it can sustain people throughout the week due to its extreme affordability, particularly for those who earn a dollar and below a day. The kale in Kenya is poor quality and it yields easily to diseases like black rot and leaf spot.Through a collaborative research project investigating the poor quality of kale seeds in parts of Kenya a team found that the best kale plants in Kenya originate from Kinale, a forested region north of Nairobi on the edge of the rift valley. We will write a custom essay sample on Kale in Kenya- Ag Issue 2012 or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The plants were then took to the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute and propagated to obtain clean, disease-free seed. Five lines of kale were developed and two of them did very well once the seed was tested in different parts.The propagated seed flowered later thus making the crop produce longer and had a better color with a sweeter flavored leaf. By using Horticulture the problem of hunger in Kenya is being addressed by diversifying kale to improve food and nutrition and to improve the economy by making a better plant that people would want to buy and eat.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Derivative Trades Essay

Derivative Trades Essay Derivative Trades Essay Futures trades Crude Oil (Brent) 04/08/2011 Why did you enter the trade (what were your expectations?) â€Å"Libya burns, Japan shakes, Nigeria's nervous, Portugal bails, Bahrain bubbles and now China troubles. Do you need any more reasons for oil to go higher?† (Flynn, 2011, para. 1). Having read an article that suggested increase in the price of oil, I decided to set up a bull calendar spread. How did you set up the trade and how did the execution proceed? I executed a market order to buy two contracts of IBK11 - Crude Oil (Brent) MAY 2011. As for the short leg of the spread, I set up a contingent order upon USO price. If the USO price drops below $44.5, the order to sell two Crude Oil (Brent) JUL 2011 contracts will be executed, resulting in bull calendar spread. On 4/11 USO dropped below $44.5, and as a result contingent order was executed. How did you manage the risk of the position? To lower the risk of the position I set up a bull spread, instead of taking a naked long futures position. Bull spread reduced the risk of a larger-than-expected loss in case the price of oil would decrease. In addition, calendar spread required much lower margin compared to the naked position. How and when did you exit your position? Were your expectations realized? My expectations were not realized as oil price plunged on 4/11. I decided to exit my positions via market order on 04/14/2011 by taking opposite positions in the same contracts. Contingent order to sell two JUL 2011 limited a loss to $1,726.32. Crude Oil 02/22/2011 Why did you enter