Sunday, May 24, 2020

Sex Education And Gender Education - 949 Words

The study conducted by Grossman, Tracy, Charmaraman, Ceder, and Erkut (2014) had two main goals revolving sex education. The first goal was to examine whether the program created by the Planned Parenthood League of Massachusetts, Get Real: Comprehensive Sex Education That Works (as cited in Grossman, Tracy, Charmaraman, Ceder, Erkut, 2014), can delay vaginal sex in middle schoolers. The second goal was to see if family involvement can help delay sex. They believe their goals are important since beginning sex education before adolescents are having sex is critical in order to successfully risky sexual behavior. According to the researchers, studies conducted with sex education programs in middle school have shown mixed findings on its effectives on delaying sex. While some studies have shown that programs have no effect, others have shown that its effectiveness varies on boys and girls. One study has shown that sex education programs delay in sex in girls and not boys, and another h as shown the opposite results. The researchers noticed that the sex education programs in these studies did not include a family component, and believe that family members are an important factor in delaying sex. The study followed a total of 2453 sixth grade students from Boston, Massachusetts for three years as they completed middle school. The students were selected from 24 middle schools, consisting of 13 public schools, 9 charter schools, and 2 private schools. The study started off withShow MoreRelatedSingle Sex Education : Single Gender Education1458 Words   |  6 PagesSingle-gender education has become more and more popular in the last few years. There are many people and organizations who like the idea and would like to continue it and other organizations that think single-sex education could make our school systems revert back to a time with gender inequalities. Single sex education breaks down gender stereotypes and in many cases limits distractions for a student in a classroom especially in a student’s teenage years. Opponents to single-gender education claimRead MoreGender Representation Of Sex Education1651 Words   |  7 Pagesencouraging images of females. Education of male-on- female violence should start in early childhood right alongside the curriculum of sex education. Perhaps the foremost important issues of gender partiality are the importance of protecting young girls. Schools nationwide provide curriculum of sex education, which should include male-on-female violence to create social awareness of the issue. Sex education in early child hood is used to deter the children from having unprotected sex. This was used as a methodRead MoreSex Education : Encyclopedia Of Gender And Society946 Words   |  4 PagesConnell, Erin. Sex Education. Encyclopedia of Gender and Society. Ed. Jodi O Brien. Vol. 2. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2009. 745-748. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. This article has a really good explanation and a history behind. Sex education began during the 19th and early 20th centuries. This type of education debate or reveals a range of attitudes, values and also belief about the children, adolescent, sexuality, and gender. During WWI soldiers were infectedRead MoreThe Inequality Within Education With Sex And Gender1850 Words   |  8 Pagesthe inequality in education that is present in our society in accordance with sex and gender. In recent years, females have been outperforming males in all subject areas. The term sex refers to the biological characteristics of a person’s body that makes them either male or female while gender refers to someone being masculine or feminine. (Stoller 1968, p.9) This essay will demonstrate why males are underachieving in the education system looking at it in terms of gender and sex differences and howRead MoreSingle-Sex Education : Is One Gender Enough?1304 Words   |  6 PagesIs One Gender Enoug h? Introduction: In 1999, Jefferson Leadership Academies was named the first public middle school in the U.S. to offer an environment fully dedicated to single-gender instruction (Niche). This organization became a milestone for single-sex education and brought attention to the fact that separating genders is beneficial in more ways than one. Our country is known for its prestigious learning system and the endless opportunities provided for its citizens. Immigrants continue toRead MoreEducation: Gender and Single-sex School Works1256 Words   |  6 PagesSingle-Sex Schools A time comes in every young teen s life when he or she must decide where to attend high school. As they examine which high school they want to go to, one of the factors they may come across is whether to go to a single-sex school or a co-educational school. While co-ed schools allow students to develop socially, single-sex schools have the advantage in academic success. Single-sex schools provide a conducive learning environment for students, allow teachers to teach accordingRead More Sex Roles and Gender Bias in Early Childhood Education Essay example2173 Words   |  9 Pages Sex role stereotyping and gender bias permeate everyday life. Children learn about sex roles very early in their lives, probably before they are 18 months old, certainly long before they enter school.(Howe, 1). The behaviors that form these sex roles often go unnoticed but their effect is immeasurable. Simple behaviors like: the color coding of infants (blue pink), the toys children are given, the adjec tives used to describe infants (boys: handsome, big, strong; girls: sweet, pretty, precious)Read Moreme me931 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿ No such thing as â€Å"Separate but Equal† in Education One of the most common question for parents when it comes to choosing high schools or college for their child is â€Å"Should girls and boys be taught separately, either in different classes or entirely differently schools, to improve their educational performances, or is such an approach a throwback to a teaching method that was discredited years ago† (Update: Single-Sex Education). In the past, it was more common for boys and girls to be educatedRead MoreInfanticide And Single Sex Education1284 Words   |  6 PagesCoeducation and single-sex education are both extensively used around the world. By the 1980s, more and more schools which only severed male or female became coed. Even though, many parents still send their kids to only men school or only women school now days. Then why would some people choose a only men or only women school? Is it against the â€Å"gender equality†? In the early civilizations, education was informally and it was primarily households. As time passed, people began to get educated moreRead MoreSingle Sex Education Essay964 Words   |  4 Pages Single-sex classrooms and schools are used in education all around the world. As a student who has never attended a single-sex school or classroom, I have always been curious to know how beneficial it really is. The controversy over single-sex classrooms and/or schools is an ongoing battle between educators, school systems, and the community. Those who support the idea of single-sex education argue that the separation of boys and girls due to biological differences can improve academic achievement

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Capital Punishment The Death Penalty - 1868 Words

An issue that has been widely debated for several years in the United States, and even throughout the whole world is capital punishment. Capital punishment is of course punishment by death after committing a capital crime or a capital offence. The word capital comes from the Latin capitalis, which means â€Å"regarding the head†, which is referring to beheading. The debate about capital punishment is whether or not is moral to punish someone with death after a crime they committed. Many view that those who commit capital crimes should be killed, as it is justice for the capital crime/crimes they have committed. Other believes that no crime is heinous to warrant execution of the committer of the crime. This question has been debated across the world for years, and has recently become a more pressing issue as now there are more humane ways of execution and people value human life more than in the past. Many already know how Americans and Europeans feel about capital punishment , however, how did old Eastern Philosophy feel about the death penalty? How does current Eastern Philosophy feel about the death penalty? Before these questions are answered, first more must be known about the history of capital punishment. The first death penalty laws go back as far as Eighteenth Century B.C. King Hammurabi of Babylon’s code had death penalty for 25 different crimes. The death penalty was also in Fourteenth Century B.C. Hittite Code, and in Seventh Century B.C.’s Roman Law of the TwelveShow MoreRelatedCapital Punishment : The Death Penalty1482 Words   |  6 PagesMrs. McElmoyl 12/12/14 Capital Punishment As stated by former governor of New York, Mario M. Cuomo, Always I have concluded the death penalty is wrong because it lowers us all; it is a surrender to the worst that is in us; it uses a power- the official power to kill by execution- that has never brought back a life, need inspired anything but hate. (Cuomo 1) This is one of the main arguments against capital punishment (also known as the death sentence.) Capital punishment is the ability for a governmentRead MoreThe Death Penalty And Capital Punishment931 Words   |  4 Pageswritten down (Robert). The death penalty was applied for a particularly wide range of crimes. The Romans also used death penalty for a wide range of offenses. Historically, the death sentence was often handled with torture, and executions, except that it was done in public. In this century, the death penalty, execution or capital punishment, whatever you’d like to refer it as, is the result for committing capital crimes or capital offences and it is not in public. The death penalty has been practiced byRead MoreCapital Punishment : The Death Penalty1410 Words   |  6 PagesCapital Punishment in America In 1976 the Supreme Court of the United States of America ruled the Death Penalty constitutionally permissible. The debate over capital punishment has always been a topic of great controversy. Before the Supreme Court ruling in 1976 America had been practicing capital punishment for centuries. At the current time some states enforce the death penalty, while some do not. There are differences of opinion’s relating to whether or not the death penalty is the proper wayRead MoreCapital Punishment And The Death Penalty991 Words   |  4 PagesCapital Punishment Imagine your having a normal morning, eating breakfast doing your normal routine. Suddenly your phone rings and when you answer you hear the worst news possible. One of your family members has just been murdered in cold blood. You cry, mourn, then become angry. You attend the court hearing and you sit less than 20 feet away from the murderer. Do you truly believe this person deserves to live? Or should they face a punishment that is equal to their crime? Some may say CapitalRead MoreThe Death Penalty And Capital Punishment1569 Words   |  7 Pagesthe death penalty also referred to as capital punishment. The death penalty is both useless and harmful to not only criminals but also their potential victims. This paper uses these horrific facts to try and convince the reader that the death penalty should be done away with before it is too late, although that time may have already come. With supporting evidence to support my cause, I hope that the following information sways at least one reader to see the harm of keeping the death penalty an activeRead MoreCapital Punishment And The Death Penalty1235 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is capital punishment? Why do people support it, but yet people cherish lives? Is it a moral thing to do? Should one be for or against the Death Penalty? Let’s take a look deep into the world of justices and why capital punishment still exists in today’s society. Capital punishment or the death penalty is a feder al punishment given to criminals who are convicted of murders. It is the highest law punishment available that can prevent future murders by developing fear within them. Capital punishmentRead MoreCapital Punishment And The Death Penalty1017 Words   |  5 PagesName: Lucas Falley Topic: Capital Punishment Background: Capital punishment, or the death penalty, has existed for thousands of years. For as long as there has been organized society, the death penalty has existed in numerous cultures and civilizations. Throughout the years the methods have changed, but the use of capital punishment is becoming a pressing matter. Amnesty International reports that there are 140 countries worldwide that have abolished the death penalty, while over 50 countries stillRead MoreThe Death Penalty Is A Capital Punishment1271 Words   |  6 Pages What is the death penalty? The death penalty is a capital punishment that is punishable by death or execution. This is usually given to people that have committed serious offences or capital crimes. There are 31 states in the United States that are for the death penalty. Crimes that are punishable by the death penalty, vary from state to state. Examples of such crimes are; first degree murder or premeditated murder, murder with special circumstances, such as: intende d, multiple, and murder whichRead MoreCapital Punishment And The Death Penalty1539 Words   |  7 PagesCapital punishment, otherwise known as the death penalty, has been the center of debate for a long time. Capital punishment may be defined as the â€Å"[e]xecution of an offender sentenced to death after conviction by a court of law of a criminal offense† (Capital Punishment). Up until 1846, when Michigan became the first to abolish the death sentence, all states allowed legal practice of capital punishment by the government (States). Currently, there 32 states still supporting the death penalty and 18Read MoreThe Death Penalty Of Capital Punishment1480 Words   |  6 Pagesjustice system, such as the death penalty. Capital punishment has been used many times in history all around the world, and it was quite popular. Many people argue that capital punishment is useful in deterring crime and that it is only fair that criminals receive death as punishment for a heinous crim e. On the contrary, others see the death penalty as a violation of the 8th amendment. It restricts excessive fines, and it also does not allow cruel and unusual punishment to be inflicted upon criminals

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Details of Buying a Term Paper

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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Earnings Management During Import Relief Investigations free essay sample

Earnings Management During Import Relief Investigations† was written by Jennifer J. Jones. It illustrates her study and examination of the effects of managing reported earnings to alleviate the costs of tariffs and quota increases on import businesses. The ITC or (United States International Trade Commission) conducts relief investigations on companies that import goods so they can make a determination on the import relief rate. The ITC sets the import relief after reviewing a plethora of factors. Some factors include the profitability of the industry and the trends in profitability. Import relief is described as a set of federally imposed regulations which are designated to suspend or restrict the importation of goods into the country in order to protect American manufacturers. The measures often include subsidies, restriction, and assistance to domestic companies. The author describes the reasoning behind the import relief, as well as the effects of the import relief on the affected parties. Because consumers have diverse interests the effects of the import relief has not been studied in great detail. Often contractors who share a relation to the import business carefully monitor and adjust the accounting numbers to influence the policy makers into not raising the import relief rate. The author says that import relief is basically a wealth transfer from the consumer to the domestic producers because the importers will simply raise prices as the import relief gets higher, and domestic producers will make money because their prices can be highly competitive with the importers. In this exchange the ultimate losers are the consumers who will either pay a higher price for imported goods or buy domestic products which generally cost more. Because consumers do not monitor the earnings of import companies the import companies are able to manipulate earnings nearly unhindered. This manipulation of accounting numbers to influence import relief benefits importers and costs the consumers. Because the ITC is looking out for the domestic producers, importers are in a way forced to manipulate their reported earnings to maintain profits. The import companies really don’t lose much when the import relief goes up. The cost of importing goods to the United States and paying the import relief is most often cheaper than manufacturing goods in the United States. The ITC looks at a company’s earnings before taxes. To circumvent the ITC the managers of import companies often use multiple accrual accounts. By playing somewhat of a shell game with the ITC the import companies are able to hide assets or shift them to the next quarter to show a lower profit margin. The author conducted a cross sectional investigation of the accrual accounts of import companies. Her investigation revealed that the import companies suddenly report lower earnings and income just before the investigation period. The obvious concern of the import industry is illustrated by the drastic counter measures put in place by the managers of import companies. The methodology of the ITC is effective at protecting domestic producers and the American economy but it puts import companies in a difficult situation. When presented by the moral dilemma of altering reported income import companies must make a decision which in the minds of many theorists is not a decision at all. Because businesses are driven by profits and managers are paid by the shareholders to protect the best interest of the company they are forced to alter reported earnings. Because the import companies show lower earnings just before the reporting period that is disproportionate to their earnings through the year it is clear that the import companies are circumventing larger import relief rates by manipulating earnings just before the ITC investigation period. The managers of the import companies are responsible for the manipulation of accounting numbers. It is only natural for managers to protect the interest of the company. However, many consider the manipulation of accounting numbers to influence the import relief to be unethical. On the other hand many theorists believe that the import relief is an unfair tariff on import companies. Politics play a major role in the creation of the import relief. Some theorist claim that politicians who are influenced by large companies can affect the decision making process of the ITC investigation. Because the import relief is based on many different factors the manipulation of reported income could possibly be an unnecessary. In addition, accountants who engage in the manipulation of earnings can face legal penalties for falsifying accounting numbers. The SEC should investigate the accounting books of import companies to discover falsifications before they can affect ITC’s investigation and decision. It is not addressed why auditors do not report earnings manipulations. It is possible that because of the adverse relationship by companies and their audit firms it is possible that the manipulations are discovered and hidden. The author conducted her study of five import industries. She studied the auto industry, carbon steel industry, stainless steel industry, copper industry, and footwear industry. Based on her calculations the reported earnings of the different industries would remain constant with the earnings trend of the rest of the year. The author also studied the earnings of 459 other firms who were excluded from the ITC’s investigation to determine if in the period of the investigation their reported earnings decreased also. Her empirical testing of the firms accruals showed that the firms that were excluded from the investigation showed statistically consistent reported earnings during the investigation period. The author’s theory of earnings management during import relief investigations shows parallels to the political cost hypothesis. Although her study was sufficient in proving her point the author acknowledges that her study was not conducted on a broad enough sample. However, Jones’s study of earnings management during import relief investigations is a valuable example for future reference regarding ITC financial investigations. The author created an equation to discover the trend of reported earnings and what the reported earnings should be for the investigation period. The purpose of import relief is to protect domestic companies because foreign manufacturing is dramatically cheaper than domestic manufacturing companies. To maintain competitiveness between domestic and foreign producers and protect American businesses the ITC regulates the import relief. Because the import relief is decided by the ITC based on many different factors so manipulating reported earnings will not be enough to completely skew the ITC’s decision. The plethora of factors that the ITC uses to create the import relief are used because the ITC is afraid of making the import relief unfair to any party so it uses multiple methods of determination. The ITC utilizes policies to ensure fair trade and importing. The ITC protects from imports being sold at less than fair value which the ITC calls dumping. The ITC uses investigations and statutes to regulate dumping; they call these policies anti- dumping. The ITC also protects against companies benefitting from foreign subsidiaries by conducting countervailing duties. The author states that the import relief can be simplified as a transfer of wealth from the consumers â€Å"losers† to the domestic producers â€Å"winners†. It is often considered to be unfair. The import relief protects the American economy by protecting the market from being flooded with cheap imported products. If the market is flooded by cheap imported products many domestic companies will be put out of business due to a rapid drop in sales. The ITC tries to level the playing field with the import relief. American businesses fail to remain cheap and competitive with the foreign producers because in foreign countries there are no federal regulatory powers making regulations that cost business time and money. In addition, foreign countries usually don’t contend with labor unions that demand higher employee salaries and limits on performance demands. In conclusion, â€Å"Earnings Management During Import Relief Investigations† by Jennifer J. Jones is a valuable reference to the import industries reaction to ITC investigations. It presents her study into import relief investigations which should be a read by all individuals seeking knowledge about accounting, finances, and the import industry. Many theorists believe import relief to be controversial. The import relief must be beneficial to American business as it forces importers to manipulate reported earnings just to circumvent higher import relief. Import relief is a factor that weighs into international business and will remain an issue of concern for accountants and business practitioners alike.

Friday, April 3, 2020

The Most Important SEO Data Points for Your Website

by Sienna Luard Any online marketer will knowthe importance of analytics data for measuring website performance. Without these metrics, you have no way of evaluating different marketing strategies. But you don’t always have time to analyze everything – you just need to know the data that gives you a good overview. There are a number of important SEO data points that every marketer should pay attention to in order to optimize future marketing strategies. Domain Authority Created by Moz, a leading online SEO resource, Domain Authority is one of the most comprehensive and revealing measurements about your website. Basically, by combining various website statistics, including link counts and MozRank, this metric tells you how well your domain is likely to rank in Google’s search results pages. Measured on a 100-point scale, a high Domain Authority score translates into better search rankings and more organic traffic. Use Moz’s Open Site Explorer tool to compare your site with others and measure its authority over time. Number of Indexed Pages Put simply, the more pages you have indexed by search engines, the more opportunity you have to rank higher for certain keywords. Having more pages also allows you to build a more solid internal linking structure. But beware – just like backlinks, having more is not necessarily always better for SEO. The content still needs to be high quality and the keywords must be relevant and non-repetitive. Site Speed (Page Load Time) Do you know how many seconds it takes for your pages to load? Site speed is a critical factor in determining how your website ranks with Google and other search engines. Faster page load times also enhance the user experience. Check out your site speed statistics with Google’s PageSpeed tools, and use the tips to improve your site speed. Google has repeatedly stated the importance of page load time in rankings, so neglecting site speed is no longer an option. Organic Traffic Getting more organic site visits is one indication of a successful search marketing strategy. Unlike â€Å"paid† traffic, which comes from Adwords or other advertisements, the amount of organic traffic shows how successful your content strategy is. Make sure you are regularly publishing unique content. If the number of organic visits is steadily rising for specific keyword phrases, you’re on the right track. Use Google Analytics to find out which keyword phrases are attracting visitors to your site, and which web pages these visitors are landing on. Backlinks Backlinks are one of the most important factors in Google rankings. Quality backlinks from authoritative websites show Google that your site is useful and relevant, and you’ll be rewarded with higher search rankings. However, remember that quality counts. A high percentage of poor-quality links from untrustworthy websites is not good for SEO. Develop relationships with relevant, credible websites that add value to your website and try to get links to your site from these domains. Social Media Engagement Since Google’s Hummingbird update, social signals have become increasingly important to SEO. Boosting your presence on social media platforms not only promotes your brand to a wider audience, it also improves your credibility score with Google. Monitor the number of Facebook Likes, LinkedIn Followers, Twitter Followers, and Google+ Follows your site has and track these figures over time. Some effective ways to boost social media engagement include keeping an active blog (you can always look to outsource a freelance blog writer if you do not have the resources within your company to do this), creating polls or competitions and posting articles that are easily likeable/sharable. Bounce Rate Technically speaking, this is the percentage of visitors who navigate away from your site after viewing only one page. Along with other user metrics like organic click-through rate, Google measures the quality and value of your content, and adjusts your ranking accordingly. For this reason, it’s crucial to reduce your website’s bounce rate by delivering quality content that is relevant to the keyword phrases that drive people to your site. Now that you know some of the most important SEO data points for your website, you can take the necessary steps to improve your site’s ranking with search engines. You won’t see the results of your work overnight, but when you start to focus on the SEO metrics that really matter, you can maximize your online visibility in the long term and keep up with the competition.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

To Kill A Mocking Bird-Prejudice Essays - Discrimination, Abuse

To Kill A Mocking Bird-Prejudice Essays - Discrimination, Abuse To Kill A Mocking Bird-Prejudice To Kill A Mockingbird Prejudice has caused the pain and suffering of others for many centuries. Some examples of this include the Holocaust and slavery in the United States. In to Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee racism was the cause of much agony to the blacks of a segregated South. Along with blacks, other groups of people are judged unfairly just because of their difference from others. The prejudice and bigotry of society causes the victimization of people with differences. Some who are discriminated against are those who are born differently than the majority. One person that is treated unfairly is Calpurnia, as you can see when Aunt Alexandra tried to get Atticus to fire Calpurnia, because in her eyes, Calpurnia wasn't a good enough female role model (p.136). This is a prejudice action, because Calpurnia is as good as a role model as Aunt Alexandra, if not better. Aunt Alexandra is a bigot and doesn't see the character of Calpurnia, just the color of her skin. Another person who is treated like an inferior is Scout by her teacher, because she knew how to read. She discovered that I was literate and looked at me with more than faint distaste. (p.17). Scout is treated like it is her fault that she knows more than the average child did. She learned earlier than others so she gets punished unjustly. Tom Robinson is also one who is discriminated by a biased community. Tom is found guilty by the jury in his case against the Ewells (p.211). The guilty verdict is a direct result of a racist community. Tom was never given a fair chance in the trial, even though that the evidence was proving him innocent. People that are born differently often get mistreated and are discriminated against. Another group that is treated poorly in the society based on bigotry, are the people who have chosen to be different. One who chose to be different is Dolphus Raymond. He pretended to be drunk so no one gave him any trouble on the way that he lived his life (p.200). The way a person lives should be there own personal business. He has the right to live differently than others if he feels that is the way he wants to live. Another person that lives differently is Boo Radley. Boo stayed inside his house for a number of years without ever coming out to interact with others. He didn't want attention that would come from the rumors that were said about him. Stories were made up about him and he felt it was best for him to stay inside. The people who chose to be different took a risk of being made outcasts of the majority of the society. The final group that was made to feel different was the group that defended and protected the minorities and the wrongfully treated people. Atticus was a good example of one who defended the different by defending Tom Robinson in his case. Atticus had integrity that gave him the strength to endure the ridicule that arose from his decision to defend a black man in a segregated area. Atticus was threatened and his children were treated poorly by their peers, because he had the courage to stand up for the oppressed. Sheriff Tate defends the different when he says, I never heard tell that it's against the law for a citizen t do his utmost to prevent a crime from being committed, which is exactly what he did, but maybe you'll say it's my duty to tell the town all about it and not hush it up. (p.276). Sheriff Tate is trying to protect Boo from the attention that could frighten him. The sheriff is doing the right thing by hiding the truth from the community. By defending the different, people take a chance of being known as strange or inferiors to the rest of the people that they are around. Throughout the story, people that are unlike the majority, get hurt. They are given obstacles that they have to overcome in order to survive. Some people in the world can survive these obstacles, and there are some that just give up. By fighting for your rights, people start to realize that character is the important attribute to a person. To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee showed me that the people with differences are not always doing things the wrong way. It is the majority that may be going at it all wrong.

Friday, February 21, 2020

American History Taxation Laws 1760's Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

American History Taxation Laws 1760's - Essay Example Nevertheless, as the law declares, the main reason for adoption is the alleged need for handling problems of the whole American continent, caused by "impending misfortunes of the British colonies on this continent" (Stamp Act). In fact the main event preceding this decision made by the Congress was the impoverishment of British economy after colonial wars with France, which turned out a strong rival. Religious issues also played their role, as the Act refers to the problems with establishing Protestantism in America. The Act clearly expresses the British attitude towards the colony: all Englishmen are recognized as free residents and taxation duties are positioned as the free will of those under British Crown, and due to the large number of target audiences, the Act emphasizes the respect for natural human rights, yet the law to great extent imposes the taxes to plantation-owners and free traders " His Majesty's liege subjects in these colonies, are entitled to all the inherent rights and liberties of his natural born subjects within the kingdom of Great-Britain" (ibid, II). Furthermore, the Act creates a kind of taxation framework and claims that high taxes will become a contribution into the wealth of Great Britain and thus the wealth of the entire English nation.